Exploring the impacts of learning modality changes: Validation of the learning modality change community of inquiry and self-efficacy scales Article

author list

  • Jia, Yuane; Gesing, Peggy; Jun, Hyun-Jin; Burbage, Amanda K.; Thuha Hoang; Kulo, Violet; Cestone, Christina; McBrien, Sarah; Tornwall, Joni

publication date

  • August 5, 2022




  • Cognition
  • Community of inquiry
  • Distance education
  • Factor analysis
  • Online learning
  • Self-efficacy